Battle of Khe Sanh


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The Battle of Khe Sanh take place before the Tet Offensive, this battle is just a trap to distract the U.S. while North Vietnam and Viet Cong launch the Tet Offensive.  The battle began on January 21, 1968 and end on July 9,1968; which is a 77 days’ battle.  The battle was fought between Army of North Vietnam (PAVN) and the U.S. during the Vietnam War.  PAVN carried out a massive artillery bombardment on the U.S. Marine garrison located in Khe Sanh, and this is how the battle start.  When PAVN began to bombard Khe Sanh, the impact causes the base’s main store of ammunition and destroying over 90 percent of its artillery and mortar rounds.  During the battle a massive aerial bombardment campaign, also known as Operation Niagara was launched by the United States Air Force to support the marine base located in Khe Sanh.  The Operation Niagara is an air support campaign with the purpose to defense U.S. Marine Corps Combat Base in Khe Sanh.  The U.S. and South Vietnam main objective of this battle is to defend Khe Sanh.  The reason the PAVN tried to get accessed into Khe Sanh and take over it because they want to seize South Vietnam’s northern regions to make themselves stronger.  Operation Pegasus take place from April 1 to April 14,1968, Marines launch a ground assault from Ca Lu (East of Khe Sanh) and head west on Route 9 while the 1st Cavalry Division would air assault key terrain along route 9 to fire support bases and let the Marine advance.  Afterward Operation Scotland II was launched on April 15, Marine patrol to make sure that there are no North Vietnam Army (NVA) trying to get close to the Marine base but while patrol on Hill 689 they were ambush by the NVA soldiers in bunkers.  Operation Charlie was launched for the final evacuation on June 19, 1968, after being to defend Khe Sanh the U.S. withdrew everything and leave Khe Sanh.  And because the U.S. withdrew from Khe Sanh and left it there the PAVN take control over Khe Sanh since it was abandoned with no protection.  Same as the other battle that happen in the Vietnam War, there are more Vietnamese soldiers being killed in battle then the U.S.  The reason why they lose more people is because they risk their life to get to their objective while the U.S. calculate and withdrew if they know that they won’t be able to handle the situation and take it safe while the NVA and Viet Cong would fight until they die.  This battle is important because this battle lead to the Tet Offensive which is a moment of confusion for the U.S. and South Vietnam since they were attack in many city and towns one after another it is hard to comprehend what was going on and where is the next target.